Types of Risk

WHS Risk Management

What is WHS Risk Management?

WHS risk management is a systematic process for addressing hazards in the workplace. It is the process of:

  • Identifying any foreseeable hazard – anything in the workplace that has potential to harm anyone at the workplace, eg moving parts in machinery, toxic chemicals, manual handling tasks.
  • Assessing the risk from the hazard – finding out how significant the risk is eg will it cause a serious injury, illness or death and how likely is this to occur?
  • Eliminating the hazard or if this is not possible, controlling the risk from the hazard – implementing strategies to eliminate or control the hazard eg. design equipment differently, add machine guards, use safer chemicals, providing lifting devices to minimise manual handling or use personal protective equipment.
  • Evaluating, monitoring and review – to determine whether control measures are effective in controlling the risk.

Work Health and Safety Risk Policy

The WHS Risk Management Policy provides information on

  • Legislative requirements
  • Responsibilities
  • Steps in the risk management process
  • Implementing risk management

Types of Risk for People Working Alone

Employees of home and community care organizations are often required to work alone in external locations.  Employees in rural and remote areas are also often working in isolation, particularly when driving and visiting client homes.

These terms can be more clearly defined as follows:

Working Alone: to work alone in the home and community care context means to work at a worksite as the only worker of the employer or contractor at that worksite.

Working in Isolation: means the person is working alone and away from access to rapid support from other employees or emergency services in the event of injury, ill health or emergency.

Working in an External Location: an employee is working in a physical environment that is not under the direct control of the employer



  • A care worker is working alone in an external location when providing care to a client in their home.
  • An assessor is working alone in an external location and in isolation when driving 100km from their work base to visit a client in their home.